Nepal's Conflicts
Basic Information
Civil War & Peace Process in Nepal
War in Nepal: Basic information
Peace Accord 2006 21 November 2006
Victims of the conflict
Displaced people
Disappeared people
Women and Children
Registration of combatants and weapons
War in Nepal: Maoist fighting units
Maoists' arms supply
War in Nepal: More information
Nepal Army: More information
Government forces: More information
Causes, impacts and avenues of resolution
OHCHR Nepal Conflict Report 1996 - 2006 October 2012
RNA The Maoist rebels number an estimated 600 commandos, 9,500 hard-core Maoists (regular troops) and 25,000 civil militiamen (RNA source: 2005).
According to UNMIN the Maoist Army has 19,602 registered members (Source: UNMIN 2007).
According to an estimation, the security forces number 85,000 RNA soldiers and 57,000 armed policemen.

It is expected to reach 150,000 in the next five years. This doesn't include the 20,000 paramilitary Armed Police Force. The army says it ideally needs a 800-strong battalion posted to guard each of the 75 district headquarters, but has to make do with a company of 200 soldiers for each.

In 2005, soldiers are commandeered from Division Headquarters in the five development regions and the Kathmandu Valley Division. Though the RNA's strength has crossed 85,000, it has to reach at least 100,000 in order to form the Army 's Corps in the eastern and western regions.

Nepalis caught in the middle have fled their villages by the hundreds of thousands. The country's military budget has increased at least three times more than peacetime levels. Most of the money has been diverted from development projects. Weapons are getting more sophisticated.

The Nepalese Army NA said the rebel army includes about 4,000 to 6,000 hard-core combatants, backed by up to 25,000 militia carrying improvised weapons and explosive devices.
see also: Government forces

Nepalese Army
M-16s, Insas machine guns , Belgian Mini machin guns, heavy-caliber mounted machine guns, self-loding rifles, mortars, mine-clearing vehicles, helicopter gunships with night vision ability .... and more.
People's Liberation Army

AK-47s, AK-56s, homemade shotguns, mortars, rocket-popelled grenades, RDX explosives, bombs and mines made of pressure cookers an tin cans, land mines, Self-Loading Rifles (SLRs), .303 rifles, mortars, bombs, INSAS rifles, sub-machine guns, Chinese, American and Indian pistols, shot guns, revolvers, grenades, detonators, muskets, socket bombs, pipe bombs... and more.

Registration of combatants and weapons 2007

PLA July 2006
PLA's troop strength

A PLA commander stated that the the People's Liberation Army has about 36,000 fighters at present time. Nepali security officials believe that the Maoist forces have an estimated number of 15,000 well-equipped combatants. The Maoists had about 30,000 weapons, mainly seized from the security forces. The combatants are backed by tens of thousands of full-time political cadres.

Registration of combatants and weapons 2007


June 2006
Government's troop strength

With an estimated strength of just 80,000 soldiers in the Nepalese Army (NA), 17,000 personnel in the Armed Police Force (APF) and a poorly equipped Police Force comprising 47,000 personnel.

The Maoists have an estimated strength of between 8,000 to 10,000 well-armed and trained 'regulars', an additional 25,000 (on conservative estimates) 'militia' armed with relatively primitive weapons such as pipe guns and crude bombs, backed by a substantial number of 'sympathisers', officially estimated at about 200,000 in 2003, who can, under certain circumstances, be mobilised ? voluntarily or coercively ? for violent action. The current strength of 144,000 men in all state Forces cannot even provide a fraction of a minimally acceptable counter-insurgency Force ratio, which would have to exceed at least 1:10, and would approach a desirable (though far from optimal) level at 1:20.
Source: SATP 2006

Nepal district map