Nepal information
Nepal Information
Nepal Information
Tourism in Nepal
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Tourism in Nepal

Despite its relatively small area, Nepal has varied geographical features that include mountains, mid hills, valleys and plains, etending from the Himalayan range in the north to the Indo-Gangetic lowlands in the south. The diversity of its physical features ranges from dense forests and marshy grasslands in the Terai to green paddy terraces in the middle hills and wind-swept deserts and snow capped peaks in the high mountain areas.

The country is endowed with hundreds of streams, rivers and lakes, including several glacial lakes in the Himalayas. The remarkably wide altitudinal variations, and diverse climatic conditions and vegetation types and wildlife, support a wide range of habitats with populations and sub-populations of species isolated by ridges and valleys.

Of the tourism activities in Nepal, trekking, mountaineering, motor biking and rafting have been the major cause for pressure on the natural environment.

In the early days, tourism in Nepal was mainly concentrated in the Kathmandu valley and only a few mountaineers visited the Everest and Annapurna regions. These areas continue to be popular destinations and a relatively large number of visitors travel to these areas every year-Annapurna area, Everest region and Langtang region account for the majority of tourists either visiting for trekking or mountaineering. Most of trekkersvisited Annapurna area.


Chitwan National Park is another important tourist destination in Nepal. Rivers in Nepal offer great rafting opportunities although they are prone to pollution with the disposal of untreated sewerage and effluent. Rafting tourism too is concentrated in a few rivers, like Trisuli, Sunkoshi, Bhotekoshi and Seti.

The excessive concentration of visitors in a few tourist centers or locations carries with it the risk of eceeding the carrying capacity of the local ecology. This is sensitive because higher concentration in only some places increases pressure on resources in that particular settlement and moreover such tourism does not become salutary as it restricts the flow and spread of benefits to a few settlements only. Due to the climatic conditions, tourists in the high altitude areas demand firewood. For instance one lodge in the Everest region uses up to four times as much fuel-wood in a single day compared to a farm household. It also signifies increased pressure on the infrastructure and resources as well as aggravated environmental problems in tourist centers and along trekking route.

More information and pictures
Weather in Nepal
Nepal Maps
Nepal Trekkings: Trekking Profiles
Trekking Programmes
Nepal Kalinchowk - Khumbu
Glaciers in Nepal Photo Gallery
Himalayas & Tibet
Langtang - Gosainkund Everest Region
Bhutan Flight over the Himalayas
Nepal Himalayas: Air view
Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas
Himalayas in Nepal: Mountain Peaks
Annapurna Region