Nepal's nature
Nepal's Topography
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Nepal Topgraphy
Nepal's Topography
Ecological regions of Nepal
Topography: Cross-section of Nepal
Nepal: Physiographic Division
Population Distribution
Nepal: Foot hill zone Photos
Himalayas: Air view Nepal Map
Nepal's Foot Hills (Foot hill zone)
Nepal is situated between latitudes of 26°22' to 30°27' northand between longitudes of 80°4' to 88°12' east.
The east-west length of the country is about 800 km, roughly parallel to the Himalayan axis, and the average north-south width is 140 km.
Within the 147,181 km2 area of the country, physiographic regions range from tropical forests in the south to the snow and ice covered Himalayas in the north.
Nepal has a very diverse environment resulting from its impressive topography.
Ecological regions

A cross-section of the country reveals that the topography generally progresses from altitudes of less than 100 m in the southern Terai plain, up to more than 8,000 m peaks in the north. Nepal can be divided into five ecological regions:


This is the northern part of Indo-Gangetic plain. The Terai extends nearly 800 km from east to west and about 30-40 km from north to south. The average elevation is below 750 m, including Terai region, Bhavar Terai and Inner Terai.


Commonly referred to as the Churia Hills, the elevation in the Siwalik ranges from 700 to 1,500 m.

Middle Mountain

Also known as the Mahabharat range, the elevation of this range is from 1,500 to 2,700 m. The Middle Mountain is cut in many places by antecedent rivers such as Kosi, Gandaki (Narayani), Karnali and Mahakali. They are the first great barrier to monsoon clouds and the highest precipitation occurs on the southern slope of this range.

High Mountains

High Mountains range from 2,200 to 4,000 m. This region consists of phyllite, schists and quartzite, and the soil is generally shallow and resistant to weathering. The climate is cool temperate.

High Himalaya

Ranges from 4,000 to above 8,000 m dominate the High Himalaya. Eight of the highest peaks in the world and the world's deepest gorge, 5,791 m in the Kali Gandaki valley, are located in this region.

The climate is alpine and the snowline lies at 5,000 m in the east and at 4,000 m in the west. The area lying to the north of the main Himalayan range is the Trans-Himalayan region, which restricts the entry of monsoon moisture and therefore the region has a dry desert-like climate.

Source WWF

Nepal's Geology and Earthquakes
April 2015 A M 7.8 earthquake struck Nepal
Kali Gandaki Graben
Siwalik: Due to its loose friable nature and extensive deforestation in past decades, this region experiences frequent landslides that contributes largely to the sediment load in many Nepali rivers.
Terai Foot Hills
Foot Hills
Siwaliks: South of Kathmandu (Makwanpur district)

Population Distribution
UNICEF report: Situation Analysis on the Children and Women in Nepal 2006


More information and pictures
Weather in Nepal Nepal Maps
Nepal Trekkings: Trekking Profiles Trekking Programmes
Nepal Rolwaling - Khumbu
Glaciers in Nepal Photo Gallery
Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas Himalayas in Nepal: Mountain Peaks
Bhutan Flight over the Himalayas
Nepal Himalayas: Air view
Nepal: Foot hill zone Photos
Topography: Cross-section of Nepal
Nepal: Physiographic Division
External link
WWF Nepal
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