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Dzongkha Glossary: Some Terms
A - L
A B C D E F G H I J K L
M N O P Q R S T U V W X
Y Z
A
Abi

anim

anim goempa

grandmother, granny

nun

nunnery

arhats followers (those who had extinguished all defilements)
B
Bachem
short sword
bagi khang forehead bone
Bala's lopen carpenter's measuring scale

bangchung

bamboo container

bazam, bazaam

wooden roofed cantilever bridge

be-yul

the hidden land

bdud

demon

bjo lha

learning words by spelling out

Boedra lively folk songs originally performed by Boegarps or court attendants
Bukharis

Bukhari

burrey

wood fed stoves

wood fed heater

raw silk

bup or three woven warps that make a kira piece
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C
chams

chanjeys

chhampoen

champon

religious dances

gifts

school teacher

master dancer

changkoe

a local brew made of rice

chang

fermented cereal liquor

chang

north

chappati

flat unleavened bread

chhaja

hand movement

chhangkor drinks-circuit

chelchang

departure drink

chilip

foreigner

chhu

river

chimi

member of the National Assembly

chogtse mini-table

choep

water offering

choeps

chodey lhengtshog

local monks

religious commission

choejey hereditary nobles
Chugo dried cheese
chupen messenger
D
dappal traditional wooden bowl

dato sarp yoe

are still new

dharma

Buddhist teaching

dho-ngen

blue stone

dkar

white

dhon khang banshee bone

dhukhang

congregation hall

doe
great altar representing the universe
dresi
fried sweet rice
doma pani areca nut and betel leaf with a dash of lime,
doma

Dzongda

dongkhep

dongyu zinpa

betel nut

District Governor

cover of a thangka

lineage holders

Dra-phu

meditation cave

Draps workers of the Lam

dratshang

central monk body

Dratshang Lhentshog

Council for Religious Affairs

drecha a cylindrical wooden or metal tube and a pestle
dreys three kgs equals two dreys

drizang

saffron fragrance

Drogsing

eldest among the sisters

dresi

fried sweet rice

droma kaser
dromzar breakfast

Druk Gyalpo

dzong

drup-chu

dudkilan

King of Bhutan

fort-monastery

sacred spring

restriction of evil spirits

duezangs auspicious days
Dungkar Choejey hereditary nobles

dzongkda

dzongkha

dzongkhag

district administrator

national language

district

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E
ema shiku pickle bowl
F
- -
top
G
gazang chhang gazing drink

gdzimdpon

chamberlain

gelongs

monks

gho

robe worn by Bhutanese men

geomba

Buddhist monastery

gewog

block, administrative unit

goenkhang

inner chapel of the lhakhang

goenpos

protecting deities

goenwang drubchog

ritual ceremonies

Gonpoi Tongtshog Tangra

offering to the country's guardian deities

gomchens

lay monks

gophu

small multi purpose bow

gom

head

gup

elected leader of a village

gyangthong

television

gzhong

bowl

H
hai lan restriction of god

hemchu

gho pocket

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I
- -
J

japhop

bowl for tea or curry

jhou

Lord Buddha image

Je Khenpo

Chief Abbot

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K
kabney

karme kom

kadhas

kaymeto

men's scarf

butter lamp

silk scarfs

widthways border

keptang loaf
kera narrow woven belt
kharang corn-grain
khechoe zam values
kherig skills
khomang citric

kira

women's traditional wear
national dress for women
floor-length rectangular piece of cloth wrapped around the body over a blouse

koma traditional broach-like silver hooks
kom

kudung

kuenrey

lamp

relics

common hall

kushuthara special kind of weave using silk

kuthang

kyang

scroll painting

wild ass

L
la

lha

lhapu

lhakhang

lanchhen

lanchhung

mountain pass

god, deity

bowls used by monks

monastery

the greater lan)

the smaller lan

logrig computer
Lopen highest ranking lama just under His Holiness Je Khenpo
lopen carpenter's measuring scale

Luu Chok

religious ceremony for sub-surface spirits

Lyonpo minister
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